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Parmi les moyennes montagnes d'Allemagne, la Forêt Bavaroise est considérée comme la plus riches en forêt ininterrompue et était encore de la forêt vierge jusqu'au 11ème siècle. Cette région commençait à se peupler entre le 11ème et le 14ème siècle, avant tout, par l'activité de défrichement et de défrichage des "Comtes von Bogen" et le cloître bénédictin Niederalteich.
 
La fabrication de verre dans la Forêt Bavaroise repose déjà sur une histoire de sept siècles. Les racines d'une des familles bavaroises qui fabrique encore aujourd'hui du verre, la famille du baron de Poschinger, remonte à ce temps. Déjà 1140 le premier membre de la famille Poschinger est mentionné dans un document de la Forêt Bavaroise. Au cours des siècles, la famille possédait des verreries à Spiegelau, à Buchenau, à Oberzwieselau et Theresienthal. La verrerie à Frauenau est la seule qui pouvait se maintenir pendant des siècles et reste donc unique de son genre.
 
Une raison essentielle pour l'apparition des verreries de forêt était à vouloir rendre profitable les forêts vierges, probablement par l'aspiration des seigneurs. Et ces grandes régions de forêt vierge, qui ne pouvaient pas être colonisés par les moyens normaux et ne pouvaient pas servir à une utilisation agricole, étaient la base idéale pour des verreries. En même temps, la région nouvellement développée pouvait prendre les premiers pas vers l'exploitation agricole.
 
Le long de la frontière bavaroise bohémienne, à peu près du Arber jusqu'au Rachel, les forêts appartenaient - dans une profondeur de quatre à dix kilomètres - exclusivement aux verreries. Le droit de succession par héritage qui toutefois pouvait être vendu était pour les maîtres de verreries une incitation importante pour prendre les forêts comme base économique durable. En même temps un paiement d'intérêt continuel était garanti aux seigneurs.
 
Une raison supplémentaire pour l'apparition de nombreuses verreries de forêt etait le fait qu'à côté de la matière crue, le bois, la région disposait aussi du quartz et de l'eau dans une quantité suffisante. Le bois était nécessaire comme combustible pour les fours, pour la construction des verreries et les logements, et aussi pour la fabrication de la potasse. Le quartz, qui faisait à peu près un tiers des émaux de verre, se trouvait en quantité suffisante dans les mines. Il fallait donc seulement apporter la chaux qui faisait environ 10% de la matière de base du verre, l'argile pour les fours et quelques pigments de couleurs à la fabrication de verre. Les nombreux ruisseaux actionnaient les roues des "Pochers" et les scies des verreries.
 
La fabrication de verre et le raffinage de verre étaient sur des générations l'une des artères économiques les plus importantes de la Forêt Bavaroise. Aujourd'hui, cet art de métier de la Forêt Bavaroise rencontre de graves problèmes, puisque de plus en plus de verre industriellement fabriqué par d'autres pays inonde le marché.
 
Au siècle passé le développement du travail manuel vers la production de machines se produisait de plus en plus et cela aussi dans les verreries de la Forêt Bavaroise. Mais encore est-il possible de poursuivre la fabrication de verre traditionnelle dans les quelques-uns de verreries restées. Mais par les importations et la présence des agences de vente étrangères, des milliers d'emplois ont déjà été supprimés dans la branche de verre au cours des dernières années.
 
Non seulement le fait que la main humaine est de plus en plus remplacée par des machines est responsable du déclin des verreries traditionnelles, mais le fait que le verre qui est acheté dans la Forêt Bavaroise n'est pas toujours originaire de la Forêt Bavaroise et ne correspond plus aux exigences d'un souffleur du verre fait le sien et augmente le problèmes qui pèsent sur ce métier.

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